Go to the calendar of Cosmology seminars (Normally on Tuesday, 11am, Phil 16)
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Jenny Wagner (ITA, Heidelberg University)-“A model-independent approach to gravitational lensing”
Strong gravitational lenses can map an extended background source to several highly distorted and magnified images. Analysing the properties of those images yields important information about the distribution of the lensing mass and the background source. Common approaches to reconstruct the source or the lensing mass distribution model the global properties of the source and the lens. They obtain a consistent description of the entire configuration by refining the model until it matches the observation to a predefined precision. We develop a new approach to infer local properties of the gravitational lens and to reconstruct the source using only the properties of the multiple images without assuming a lens or a source model. In the talk, I will introduce the method and its calibration by simulated lensing configurations, show its application to the galaxy-cluster-scale gravitational lens CL0024, and compare the resulting local lens properties to those obtained by two different lens modeling methods. As our approach relies on fewer assumptions and takes less than a second to yield results that agree to the model-based ones, it is an efficient tool for extracting local lensing properties from large data sets of forthcoming sky surveys.
Collective Journal Club
seminar by Alessandra Silvestri (Instituut Lorentz - Leiden)
Testing gravity with Large Scale Structure: the theoretical side of the challenge
See Seminars page for abstract
Collective Journal Club
Collective Journal Club
Alefe Almeida(ITP, Heidelberg University)
Martin Pauly, Santiago Casas
Higgs-Dilaton Cosmology: An inflation - dark energy connection constrained by future galaxy surveys
Alessio Spurio Mancini
Testing (modified) gravity with 3D and tomographic cosmic shear
Quantum equivalence of f(R)-gravity and scalar-tensor-theories
Michael S. Ruf, Christian F. Steinwachs
Vainshtein mechanism after GW170817
Marco Crisostomi, Kazuya Koyama
Adalto R. Gomes - UFMA (Brazil)- “Some results in kink-antikink scattering”
After introduced some motivations related to this topic (see for instance possible connections to bubble collisions ), I review some known results from kink-antikink scattering in nonintegrable models, focusing on the main aspects of the scalar field after the collision process: the formation of a bion state or inelastic scattering (1-bounce collision). The nonlinearity leads to the intriguing effect of 2-bounce collisions, observed for a range of initial velocities of the pair kink-antikink. This means that depending on the model, we can have the possibility of the formation of a structure of 2-bounce windows in velocity. Then I discuss a deformed $\phi^4$ model in (1,1) dimensions . Stability analysis leads to a Schroedinger-like equation with a zero-mode and at least one vibrational (shape) mode. For small deformation and for one or two vibrational modes, the observed two-bounce windows in velocity are explained by the standard mechanism of a resonant effect between the first vibrational and the translational modes. With the increase of the deformation, the effect of the appearance of more than one vibrational mode is the gradual disappearance of the initial two-bounce windows. The total suppression of two-bounce windows even with the presence of a vibrational mode offers a counter-example of what expected from the standard mechanism . I end presenting some recent results from kink-antikink scattering in a degenerate vacuum to vacuumless model .
 J. Braden, J. R. Bonda, L.Mersini-Houghtonc, “Cosmic bubble and domain wall instabilities I: parametric amplification of linear fluctuations”, JCAP03 (2015) 007.
 F. C. Simas, Adalto R. Gomes, K. Z. Nobrega, J.C.R.E. Oliveira, ”Suppression of two-bounce win- dows in kink-antikink collisions”, JHEP 1609 (2016) 104.
 D.K. Campbell, J.S. shonfeld, C.A. Wingate, “Resonance structure in kink-antikink interaction in $\phi^4$ theory”, Physica D 9 (1983) 1.
 F. C. Simas, Adalto R. Gomes, K. Z. Nobrega, “Degenerate vacua to vacuumless model and kink-antikink collisions”, Phys. Lett. B775 (2017) 290.
Solving the Vlasov equation in two spatial dimensions with the Schrödinger method
Stability of Geodesically Complete Cosmologies
Lorenzo Pizzuti- “Modified gravity with galaxy cluster mass profiles: from data to simulations”
Abstract: I will provide a brief overview of my work concerning constraints on modified gravity models obtained using galaxy cluster mass profile determinations. In particular, I will present the results of a paper in which we combined the information given by the kinematics of galaxies in clusters with the information provided by lensing analyses for 2 galaxy clusters of the CLASH-CLASH\VLT collaboration to get constraints on f(R) models. In order to discuss the applicability of the proposed method in view of future imaging and spectroscopic surveys, I will further introduce my current study of cosmological simulations, aiming at estimating and calibrating the impact of systematics.
An alternative to the LCDM model: the case of scale invariance
Special JC on Gravitational Waves detection
Caroline Heneka - Strong constraints on cosmological gravity from GW170817 and GRB 170817A - 1710.06394
Martin Pauly - GW170817 Falsifies Dark Matter Emulators - 1710.06168
Ana Marta Pinho - Welcome to the multi-messenger Era! Lessons from a neutron star and the landscape ahead - 1710.05931
Alessio Spurio Mancini - Dark Energy after GW170817 - 1710.05901
Martin Pauly (ITP, Heidelberg) - “Predictions of renormalized Higgs inflation”
Abstract: Higgs inflation is a model, that allows to explain inflation with the standard model degrees of freedom by introducing an additional coupling between the Higgs field and gravity. In this talk, I am going to explore the influence of the running of the standard model couplings on the observational predictions of Higgs inflation. In particular, the running of the Higgs-self-coupling and sudden changes in that coupling will be important. These sudden changes can be induced by the effective-field-theory nature of Higgs inflation. I will show that as long as the coupling stays sufficiently large in the inflationary region the predictions are insensitive to the running and become sensitive once the coupling approaches the critical point.
Safely smoothing spacetime: backreaction in relativistic cosmological simulations
Primordial Black Hole production in Critical Higgs Inflation
Cornelius Rampf (ITP, Heidelberg University ) - “Shell-crossing in quasi one-dimensional flow ”
Abstract: So far exact analytic solutions to the cosmological fluid equations existed for initial data that only depend on one space variable. Exact solutions (until shell-crossing) play an important role in cosmology, not only because they are simple but because the breakdown of smooth 3D solution through the development of infinite density caustics begins generically as an almost 1D phenomenon with the formation of pancakes. I present recent work on quasi-one-dimensional (Q1D) flow that depends on all three coordinates but differs only slightly from a strictly 1D flow, thereby allowing a perturbative treatment of shell-crossing using the Euler-Poisson equations written in Lagrangian coordinates. The signature of shell-crossing is then just the vanishing of the Jacobian of the Lagrangian map, a regular perturbation problem. In essence, the problem of the first shell-crossing, which is highly singular in Eulerian coordinates, has been desingularized by switching to Lagrangian coordinates, and can then be handled by perturbation theory. All-order recursion relations are obtained for the time-Taylor coefficients of the displacement field, and it is shown that the Taylor series has an infinite radius of convergence. This allows the determination of the time and location of the first shell-crossing, which is generically shown to be taking place earlier than for the unperturbed 1D flow.
Improving constraints on the growth rate of structure by modelling the density-velocity cross-correlation in the 6dF Galaxy Survey
Santiago Casas (ITP, Heidelberg University) - “Non-linear structure formation”
Javier Rubio (ITP, Heidelberg University) - “Scale invariance: connecting inflation and dark energy”
Abstract: Inflation and dark energy share many essential properties. I will show that these two eras can be accommodated into a common framework based on scale invariance. I will discuss the phenomenological consequences of two scenarios based on i) exact scale symmetry and ii) broken scale invariance with symmetry resurgence at UV and IR fixed points.
A Nonlocal Approach to the Cosmological Constant Problem
Primordial black hole constraints for extended mass functions
Alefe Almeida(ITP, Heidelberg University) - ” A method for evaluating models that use galaxy rotation curves to derive matter density profiles”
Abstract: There are some approaches, either based on GR or modified gravity that use galaxy rotation to derive the matter density of the corresponding galaxy. In this work, we proposed a test for evaluating them.
Ana Marta Pinho
Stability of fundamental couplings: a global analysis
Yves Dirian (Geneva University ) - “A numerical relativity scheme for cosmological simulations”
Abstract: I present a new 3+1 integration scheme which allows one to pass an adaptation of the robustness test to the cosmological context, at least in the case of General Relativity with a pressureless perfect fluid field. As an interesting by-product of this construction, a novel constraint-damping method is obtained.
Gravitational Waves in Doubly Coupled Bigravity