Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
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Andreas Mielke
Institut für Theoretische Physik
Ruprecht-Karls Universität
Philosophenweg 19
D-69120 Heidelberg
Germany
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e-mail: mielke@tphys.uni-heidelberg.de


Andreas Mielke: Ferromagnetism in the Hubbard model on line graphs and further considerations
J. Phys. A: Math. Gen.24, 3311-3321 (1991) .

Abstract

Let L(G) be the line graph of a graph G=(V,E). The Hubbard model on L(G) has ferromagnetic ground states with a saturated spin if the interaction is repulsive (U>0) and if the number of electrons N satisfies N>or=M. M= mod E mod + mod V mod -1 if G is bipartite and M= mod E mod + mod V mod otherwise. The author shows that the ferromagnetic ground state is unique if N=M. Further he gives a sufficient condition for the existence of other ground states if N>M. The results are valid also for a multi-band Hubbard model on a bipartite graph. In the case of a periodic lattice, the results are related to the existence of a flat energy band.

BibTeX-Eintrag

@article{Mielke1991,
author="Andreas Mielke",
title="Ferromagnetism in the Hubbard model on line graphs and further considerations",
journal="J. Phys. A: Math. Gen.",
volume="24",
pages="3311-3321",
year="1991"
}

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Letzte Änderung: 15.11.2017. mielke@tphys.uni-heidelberg.de